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A 140 ft. (42.7 m) long boom on a dragline crane used in coal strip-mining operations failed. One of the principal load-bearing longitudinal beams or chords of the trussed boom had fractured adjacent to a bolt hole at a location about halfway along the length of the boom. Over the lifetime of the crane, several repairs had been made to the boom. At least a year before the failure, a reinforcing gusset plate had been bolted and welded to this chord at this location. Stereomicroscopy revealed microcracks in the weld metal. A fatigue crack 45 mm (1.8 in.) long...

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