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During the final shop welding of a large armature for a direct-current motor (4475 kW, or 6000 hp), a loud bang was heard, and the welding operation stopped. When the weld was cold, nondestructive evaluation revealed a large crack adjacent to the root weld. Investigation showed the main crack had propagated parallel to the fusion boundary along the subcritical HAZ and was associated with long stringers of type II manganese sulfide (MnS) inclusions. This supported the conclusion that the weld failed by lamellar tearing as a result of the high rotational strain induced at the root of the weld...

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