A steam heated exchanger was designed for concentrating sulfuric acid. Tantalum was selected for the tubing and the tube sheet liner because of its outstanding corrosion resistance. However, although the exchanger passed a searching shop inspection, it leaked during site testing. Considerable argument ensued about whether the cracking observed was due to poor welding during fabrication, or through abuse during handling on site. An SEM examination of the fractures revealed high cycle, low amplitude fatigue, and the problem was traced to vibration during road transport. Further failures were avoided by improved design and packing. This paper illustrated the value...
M. E. Blum, Failure of Large Tantalum Heat Exchanger During Transportation to Site, ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories: Improper Maintenance, Repair, and Operating Conditions, ASM International, 2019, https://doi.org/10.31399/asm.fach.usage.c9001662
Download citation file:
Understanding the Basics Collection
8-Volume Digital Library Exclusive
The Understanding the Basics Collection provides comprehensive coverage of critical topics in metallurgy. These introductory guides present critical information on key topics related to materials processing, performance, and evaluation.