Failure of a Large Cast Dragline Bucket Shackle
A large shackle used in operating a dragline bucket failed in service. The shackle was made of a cast low-alloy steel (similar to AISI 4320) heat treated to a hardness of 415 BN. The shackle failed by fracturing through the load-bearing region. Examination of the fracture surface revealed a fatigue crack through about one-third of the cross section. A secondary fatigue crack, perpendicular to the main fracture, was also observed. The composition of the weld deposit corresponded to a heat treatable flux-cored arc welding filler material that was known to have been used for repair welding of these products....
Failure of a Large Cast Dragline Bucket Shackle, ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories: Improper Maintenance, Repair, and Operating Conditions, ASM International, 2019, https://doi.org/10.31399/asm.fach.usage.c0047423
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