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One end of an axle shaft containing the integral spur pinion was submitted for examination, along with the report of a tooth pitting failure. The spur pinion, integral to the axle shaft, operated in a medium-size, off-highway truck at an open-pit mine, for “a relatively short time.” Only the pinion head had been returned. The shaft portion had been torch-cut away. Chemical analysis along with the microstructure confirmed the specified material was SAE 43BV12 Ni-Cr-Mo alloy steel. The mode of failure was surface contact fatigue through the shear plane subsurface at the lowest point of single-tooth contact. The cause...

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