This article begins with a discussion on the advantages and limitation of ultrasonic welding (USW). It describes variations of the USW process which can produce different weld geometries. These variations are helpful in producing spot welds, line welds, continuous seam welds, ring welds, and microelectronic welds. The article provides information on the functions of USW personnel and describes the special conditions in USW which include the condition of the surface, the use of an interlayer, and the control of resonance. It concludes with a description on the weld quality, the influencing factors, surface appearance and deformation, and metallographic examination.
Janet Devine, Ultrasonic Welding, Welding, Brazing, and Soldering, Vol 6, ASM Handbook, Edited By David LeRoy Olson, Thomas A. Siewert, Stephen Liu, Glen R. Edwards, ASM International, 1993, p 324–327, https://doi.org/10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001384
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