Physical Vapor Deposition
Physical vapor deposition (PVD) coatings are harder than any metal and are used in applications that cannot tolerate even microscopic wear losses. This article describes the three most common PVD processes: thermal evaporation, sputtering, and ion plating. It also discusses ion implantation in the context of research and development applications.
Understanding the Basics Collection
8-Volume Digital Library Exclusive
The Understanding the Basics Collection provides comprehensive coverage of critical topics in metallurgy. These introductory guides present critical information on key topics related to materials processing, performance, and evaluation.