Statistical analysis of mechanical property data is the most reliable method for determination of minimum design allowables. This article describes the general procedures used to determine design allowables. It provides information on the determination of a distribution form. The article presents statistical methods which help in determining design allowables. These methods include direct computation for normal distribution, direct computation for an unknown distribution, computation of derived properties, and regression analysis. The article concludes with information on low- and elevated-temperature design properties.
Paul E. Ruff, Design Allowables for Static Metallic Material Properties, Mechanical Testing and Evaluation, Vol 8, ASM Handbook, Edited By Howard Kuhn, Dana Medlin, ASM International, 2000, https://doi.org/10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0009216
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