Welding Fundamentals and Processes
Characterization and Modeling of the Heat Source
Three types of energy are used primarily as direct heat sources for fusion welding: electric arcs, laser beams, and electron beams. This article reviews the physical phenomena that influence the input-energy distribution of the heat source for fusion welding. It also discusses several simplified and detailed heat-source models that have been used in the modeling of arc welding, high-energy-density welding, and resistance welding.
S.S. Glickstein, E. Friedman, R.P. Martukanitz, Characterization and Modeling of the Heat Source, Welding Fundamentals and Processes, Vol 6A, ASM Handbook, Edited By T. Lienert, T. Siewert, S. Babu, V. Acoff, ASM International, 2011, p 35–42, https://doi.org/10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005603
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