Properties and Selection: Irons, Steels, and High-Performance Alloys
Embrittlement of Steels
This article examines the embrittlement of iron and carbon steels. It describes compositional, processing, and service conditions that contribute to the problem and presents examples of how embrittlement influences mechanical properties. Embrittlement due to hydrogen is the most common form of embrittlement and influences the behavior and properties of nearly all ferrous alloys and many metals. The article explains why hydrogen embrittlement is so widespread and reviews the many types of damage it can cause. It also explores other forms of embrittlement, including metal-induced embrittlement, strain-age and aluminum nitride embrittlement, thermal embrittlement, quench cracking, 475 deg C and sigma phase embrittlement (in FeCr alloys), temper embrittlement, and embrittlement caused by neutron irradiation. In addition, the article covers stress-corrosion cracking along with properties and conditions that affect it, and the procedures to detect and evaluate it.
George F. Vander Voort, Embrittlement of Steels, Properties and Selection: Irons, Steels, and High-Performance Alloys, Vol 1, ASM Handbook, By ASM Handbook Committee, ASM International, 1990, p 689–736, https://doi.org/10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001039
Download citation file:
The ASM Data Ecosystem is a new and innovative product line that arms ASM Members and the scientific community with the tools and data required to exponentially expand the boundaries of materials science to meet the needs of Industry 4.0.