After several years' use, an eyebolt suffered brittle fracture in the first turn of the thread. The fracture started at the notch at the root of the thread. Neither localized material defect nor an old crack were present. The investigation showed that instead of the specified steel quality St 37-2 N, a steel with about 0.5% C had been used. The microstructure with the coarse ferrite network indicated that the forged eye bolt had been normalized either at too high a temperature or not at all. In any case the anneal at 900 deg C produced a considerably more finely grained structure. In addition, the nature of the fracture and the results of the notched bar impact tests showed that in spite of the high C-content, the eye bolt had become brittle as a result of aging.
Gisela Brunsmann, Ödön Szabó, Broken Eyebolt, ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories: Material Handling Equipment, ASM International, 2019, https://doi.org/10.31399/asm.fach.matlhand.c9001263
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