Impingement-Corrosion Failure of a Ferritic Malleable Iron Elbow
Leakage was detected in a malleable iron elbow (ASTM A 47, grade 35018) after only three months in service. Life expectancy for the elbow was 12 to 24 months. The piping alternately supplied steam and cooling water to a tire-curing press. The supply line and elbow were subjected to 14 heating and cooling cycles per hour for at least 16 h/day, or a minimum of 224 cycles/day. Steam and water pressure were 1035 kPa (150 psi) and 895 kPa (130 psi) respectively, and water-flow rate was estimated to be 1325 L/min (350 gal/min) based on pump capacity. Water-inlet temperature...
Impingement-Corrosion Failure of a Ferritic Malleable Iron Elbow, ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories: Failure Modes and Mechanisms, ASM International, 2019, https://doi.org/10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0091402
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