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The use of gases or molten salts as the quenchant for steel parts is commonly limited to the quenching of high-alloy steel or the carbonizing quenching of low-alloy steel. This article reviews the quenching process of steels with molten metals (quenchant) such as molten lead, molten bismuth, and molten sodium. It also contains tables that list the physical properties of lead, bismuth, sodium, and molten sodium.

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