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Recovery, recrystallization, and grain growth are the stages that a cold worked metal undergoes when it is annealed. This article describes the changes in the structure and properties that occur on annealing a cold-worked metal. It summarizes the experimental recrystallization studies by Burke and Turnbull with six laws of recrystallization. Applications of these laws of recrystallization are discussed in detail with examples. The article reviews the classification of grain growth according to the growth behavior of grains, namely, normal or continuous grain growth and abnormal or discontinuous grain growth. The latter has also been termed exaggerated grain growth, coarsening, or secondary recrystallization.

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