Metallography and Microstructures of Zirconium, Hafnium, and Their Alloys
Zirconium, hafnium, and their alloys are reactive metals used in a variety of nuclear and chemical processing applications. This article describes various specimen preparation procedures for these materials, including sectioning, mounting, grinding, polishing, and etching. It reviews some examples of the microstructure and examination for zircaloy alloys, hafnium, zirconium, and bimetallic forms.
Paul E. Danielson, Richard C. Sutherlin, Metallography and Microstructures of Zirconium, Hafnium, and Their Alloys, Metallography and Microstructures, Vol 9, ASM Handbook, Edited By George F. Vander Voort, ASM International, 2004, p 942–958, https://doi.org/10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003782
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