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Machining serves as a more specialized supplement to the forging process, particularly in the formation of cavities and holes. This article provides information on the enclosures, cavities, and holes in hammer and press forgings. It provides a checklist that serves as a guide to the procedure for reviewing the design of cavities and holes to be incorporated in forgings. The article also describes forging designs in which cavities and holes are related to rib and web designs, punchout, piercing, extruding, and combinations of these processes.

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