Lubricants and Their Applications in Forging
This article lists functions of lubricants common to the majority of applications and processes. It discusses the lubricant candidates widely used in forging: conversion coatings with soaps (stearate compounds) and molybdenum disulfide for cold forging; oil-based thick, film oil or polymerbased lubricants and molybdenum disulfide for warm application; graphite suspensions in oil or water for hot forging steels; and glass films for titanium and superalloys hot forgings. The article describes the applications of lubricants in warm extrusion and forging, hot forging of steel, hot forging of aluminum, isothermal and hot die forging, and the extrusion of steel.
Rajiv Shivpuri, Satish Kini, Lubricants and Their Applications in Forging, Metalworking: Bulk Forming, Vol 14A, ASM Handbook, Edited By S.L. Semiatin, ASM International, 2005, p 84–92, https://doi.org/10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004032
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