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A gating system is the conduit network through which liquid metal enters a mold and flows to fill the mold cavity, where the metal can then solidify to form the desired casting shape. This article discusses various desirable design considerations for the gating system. Proper design of an optimized gating system will be made easier by the application of several fundamental principles of fluid flow. The article illustrates the Bernoulli's theorem, the law of continuity, and the effect of momentum. Most casting alloys are subject to the presence of particles that can deleteriously affect the physical properties and appearance of the casting. The article lists a variety of adverse effects of the particles. Ceramic filters, when correctly applied, can be relied on to trap particles before they can enter the casting cavity. The article concludes with information on the advantages and the types of the ceramic filters.

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