This chapter addresses the hardware requirements for filament winding, from elementary processing equipment to more advanced systems. The chapter describes the equipment, defines how it is best used, and presents real-life examples. It describes a helical horizontal filament winding machine system and a vertical winding machine. The chapter provides information on in-plane (polar) winders and several types of creels, namely stationary and no twist, rotating, braking, and combinations thereof. Comprehensive descriptions of mandrel designs used in filament winding are presented in text and illustration. The chapter also reviews process control of filament winding parameters, including for some specialized winding processes and unique component types.
J. Lowrie McLarty, Control of Filament Winding Parameters, Composite Filament Winding, Edited By S.T. Peters, ASM International, 2011, p 65–79, https://doi.org/10.31399/asm.tb.cfw.t52860065
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