Powder Metallurgy Stainless Steels: Processing, Microstructures, and Properties
Chapter 4: Compacting and Shaping
This chapter discusses the methods by which stainless steel powders are shaped and compacted prior to sintering, including rigid die compaction, metal injection molding, extrusion, and hot isostatic pressing. It explains where each process is used and how processing parameters, such as temperature and pressure, and powder characteristics, such as particle size and shape, influence the quality of manufactured parts. It describes the various stages of metal powder compaction, the role of lubricants, and how to account for dimensional changes in the design of tooling and process sequences.
Compacting and Shaping, Powder Metallurgy Stainless Steels: Processing, Microstructures, and Properties, By Erhard Klar, Prasan K. Samal, ASM International, 2007, p 39–58, https://doi.org/10.31399/asm.tb.pmsspmp.t52000039
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