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This chapter explains how to achieve accurate, sharp delineation of the microstructure of metals using appropriate etching and contrasting techniques. It covers a variety of methods, including chemical etching, heat tinting, gas contrasting, vapor deposition, magnetic etching, ion bombardment, and dislocation etch pitting.

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Microstructure, Metallography: Principles and Practice, By George F. Vander Voort, ASM International, 1984, p 165–266,

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