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This chapter explains how to prepare metallographic samples for light microscopy and how to anticipate and avoid related problems. It describes standard practices and procedures for sectioning, mounting, grinding, and polishing and identifies common defects along with their causes and cures. It also provides recommendations for handling specific materials and addresses safety concerns.

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Specimen Preparation for Light Microscopy, Metallography: Principles and Practice, By George F. Vander Voort, ASM International, 1984, p 60–164,

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