Sheet Metal Forming: Processes and Applications
Tube hydroforming is a material-forming process that uses pressurized fluid to plastically deform tubular materials into desired shapes. It is widely used in the automotive industry for making exhaust manifolds, catalytic converters, shock absorber housings, and other parts. This chapter discusses the basic methods of tube hydroforming and the underlying process mechanics. It explains how to determine if a material is a viable candidate and whether it can withstand preforming or bending operations. It describes critical process parameters, such as interface pressure, surface expansion and contraction, and sliding velocity, and how they influence friction, lubrication, and wear. The chapter also provides information on forming presses and tooling, tube hydropiercing, and the use of finite elements to determine optimal processing conditions and loading paths.
Gracious Ngaile, Tube Hydroforming, Sheet Metal Forming: Processes and Applications, Edited By Taylan Altan, A. Erman Tekkaya, ASM International, 2012, p 179–209, https://doi.org/10.31399/asm.tb.smfpa.t53500179
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