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Magnesium and magnesium alloys are used in a wide variety of structural and nonstructural applications. This article provides information on selection and application of magnesium and magnesium alloys, mainly, casting alloys and wrought alloys. It also provides tabulated data for the composition, properties of these alloys, including compressive strength, bearing strength, shear strength, hardness, wear resistance, and fatigue strength. The article describes the selection of product forms (castings, extrusions, forgings) for structural applications which is based on mechanical property requirements, cost, availability, and fabricability. It also discusses the types of inserts used in magnesium. The article also deals with the joining of magnesium alloys by welding, adhesive bonding, and riveting. It concludes by describing the formability and machinability of magnesium and magnesium alloys, and explains the role of magnesium in design and weight reduction.

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