Skip to Main Content
Skip Nav Destination


Deformation within a crystal lattice is governed principally by the presence of dislocations, which are two-dimensional defects in the lattice structure. Slip from shear stress is the most common deformation mechanism within crystalline lattices of metallic materials, although deformation of crystal lattices can also occur by other processes such as twinning and, in special circumstances, by the migration of vacant lattice sites. This appendix describes the notation used to specify lattice planes and directions and discusses the mechanisms of slip and twinning as well as the effect of stacking faults.

You do not currently have access to this chapter.
Don't already have an account? Register
Close Modal

or Create an Account

Close Modal
Close Modal