Failure Analysis of Engineering Structures: Methodology and Case Histories
Case 32: Failure of a Compressor Blade in an Aircraft Engine
A compressor blade made of titanium alloy fractured during an engine test. The material and processing conditions of the blade were found to be satisfactory, turning the focus of the investigation to operating anomalies and human error. A photograph of the failed blade shows well-defined chevron marks along the fracture surface that end in a shear lip on the convex side. Further examination using a SEM shows that the failure was due to overload. Based on these observations and the results of tensile testing and microstructural analysis, investigators concluded that a sudden impact load on the concave side of the blade caused it to fracture.
Failure of a Compressor Blade in an Aircraft Engine, Failure Analysis of Engineering Structures: Methodology and Case Histories, By V. Ramachandran, A.C. Raghuram, R.V. Krishnan, S.K. Bhaumik, ASM International, 2005, p 141–142, https://doi.org/10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270141
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