Failure Analysis of Engineering Structures: Methodology and Case Histories
Part 2: Case Histories
An aircraft was heavily damaged when it was forced to land due to a throttle malfunction. Investigators determined that one of the studs linking the throttle to the engine fractured from fatigue, initiated by cracks formed during a riveting procedure. This chapter provides a summary of the investigation, which included the use of scanning electron fractography, along with recommendations on acceptable hole patterns for rivets.
A low-pressure turbine rotor blade failed in service, causing extensive engine damage. A section of the blade broke off around 25 mm from the root platform, producing a flat fracture surface that appeared smooth on one end and grainy elsewhere. Based on their examination, investigators concluded that the nickel-base superalloy blade was exposed to high temperatures and stresses, initiating a crack that propagated under cyclic loading. This chapter provides a summary of the investigation and the insights acquired using scanning electron fractography, metallography, and hardness measurements.
Case Histories, Failure Analysis of Engineering Structures: Methodology and Case Histories, By V. Ramachandran, A.C. Raghuram, R.V. Krishnan, S.K. Bhaumik, ASM International, 2005
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