Failure Analysis of Engineering Structures: Methodology and Case Histories
Part 1: Methodology
This chapter discusses the importance of failure analysis and the role it plays in a society driven by technological advancement. It explains why failure rates are highest in the early and later stages of the life of any product and shows the extent to which failure rates increase when products are subjected to an aggressive operating environment.
This chapter identifies the primary causes of service failures and discusses the types of defects from which they stem. It presents more than a dozen examples of failures attributed to such causes as design defects, material defects, and manufacturing or processing defects as well as assembly errors, abnormal operating conditions, and inadequate maintenance. It also describes the precise usage of terms such as defect, flaw, imperfection, and discontinuity.