This article discusses the applications, compositions, and properties of cemented carbides and cermets. It explains how alloying elements, grain size, and binder content influence the properties and behaviors of cemented carbides. It also discusses the properties of steel-bonded carbides, or cermets, the various grades available, and the types of applications for which they are suited.
This article discusses the role of alloying in the production and use of low-expansion alloys such as iron-nickel (Invar), iron-nickel-chromium (Elinvar), and iron-nickel-cobalt (Super-Invar and Kovar). It explains how the coefficient of thermal expansion varies with nickel content and how it can be tailored, along with other properties, through appropriate alloying adjustments. The article also discusses the effect of alloying on Incoloy and Pyromet, which are classified as high-strength, controlled-expansion alloys.