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Steel heated in contact with air at temperatures in the tempering range takes on various temper colors due to the formation of a thin oxide film. This appendix provides information on the cause and source of oxidation of steel and time-temperature effect on SAE 1035 steel. In addition, figures that show temper colors after heating 1035 steel in circulating air are presented.

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Temper Colors for Steels, Failure Analysis of Heat Treated Steel Components, Edited By Lauralice de C.F. Canale, Rafael A. Mesquita, George E. Totten, ASM International, 2008, p 539–540,

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