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This chapter provides an overview of the possible mechanisms of failure for heat treated steel components and discusses the techniques for examining fractures, ductile and brittle failures, intergranular failure mechanisms, and fatigue. It begins with a description of the general sources of component failure. This is followed by a section on the stages of a failure analysis, which can proceed one after the other or occur at the same time. These stages of analysis are collection of background data, preliminary visual examination, nondestructive testing, selection and preservation of specimens, mechanical testing, macroexamination, microexamination, metallographic examination, determination of the fracture mechanism, chemical analysis, exemplar testing, and analysis and writing the report. The chapter ends with a discussion on various processes involved in the determination of the fracture mechanism.

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Scott MacKenzie, Overview of the Mechanisms of Failure in Heat Treated Steel Components, Failure Analysis of Heat Treated Steel Components, Edited By Lauralice de C.F. Canale, Rafael A. Mesquita, George E. Totten, ASM International, 2008, p 43–86,

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