Mechanical Behavior and Wear
This article briefly introduces some commonly used methods of mechanical testing of plastics for determining mechanical properties, also describing the test methods and providing comparative data for the mechanical property tests. In addition, creep testing and dynamic mechanical analyses of viscoelastic plastics are briefly described. The discussion covers the most commonly used tests for impact performance, various types of hardness test for plastics, the fatigue strength of viscoelastic materials, and the tension testing of elastomers and fibers.
This article describes the general aspects of and practical problems of failure analysis of creep, stress relaxation, and yielding for homogeneous polymers. The effect of temperature and strain rate on the relationship between yield point and elastic modulus and the aging effect that polymers often undergo at room temperature are also discussed.