Materials Selection and Design of Engineering Plastics
To ensure the proper application of plastics, one must keep in mind three factors that determine the appropriate end-use: material selection, processing, and design. This article begins by providing information on various factors pertinent to the anticipated use conditions of the article to be designed. This is followed by a discussion on several stages necessary to define the geometry of plastic parts. Details on the strength of and cost estimation for plastic parts are then provided. The article ends with a section providing information on the structure, properties, processing, and end-use applications of plastics.
The key to any successful part development is the proper choice of material, process, and design matched to the part performance requirements. This article presents examples of reliable material performance indicators and common practices to avoid. Simple tools and techniques for predicting plastic part performance (stiffness, strength/impact, creep/stress relaxation, and fatigue) integrated with manufacturing concerns (flow length and cycle time) are demonstrated for design and material selection.