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This chapter provides an account of the pre-Columbian history of metal discovery in America and then reviews the development of metallurgy in the Middle Ages from early wrought iron practices to the use of coke in iron casting. It discusses the influence of the family of Abraham Darby in England in the development of ironmaking.

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2018. "The Discovery of Metals", The History of Metals in America, Charles R. Simcoe, Frances Richards

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