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This chapter introduces the metallographer to the various types of steels and cast irons and explains how they are classified and defined. Classification and designation details are provided for plain carbon steels, alloy steels, and gray, white, ductile, and malleable cast irons.

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2002. "Introduction to Steels and Cast Irons", Metallographer’s Guide: Practices and Procedures for Irons and Steels, Bruce L. Bramfitt, Arlan O. Benscoter

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