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ITSC2023, Thermal Spray 2023: Proceedings from the International Thermal Spray Conference, 9-14, May 22–25, 2023,
... Abstract The use of process-microstructure-property relationships for cold spray can significantly reduce application development cost and time compared to legacy trial and error strategies. However, due to the heterogeneous microstructure of a cold spray deposit, with (prior) particle...
Proceedings Papers

ITSC2023, Thermal Spray 2023: Proceedings from the International Thermal Spray Conference, 15-21, May 22–25, 2023,
... Abstract Cold spray additive manufacturing is an emerging solid-state deposition process that enables large-scale components to be manufactured at high production rates. Control over geometry is important for reducing the development and growth of defects during the 3D build process...
Proceedings Papers

ITSC2023, Thermal Spray 2023: Proceedings from the International Thermal Spray Conference, 30-37, May 22–25, 2023,
... Abstract The Cold spray (CS) is a promising solid-state additive manufacturing method. The interesting physics involved in the CS process including cold, high strain rate, adiabatic and severe plastic deformation results in a unique and complex structure of CS deposits at different length...
Proceedings Papers

ITSC2023, Thermal Spray 2023: Proceedings from the International Thermal Spray Conference, 54-61, May 22–25, 2023,
... characterized to have excellent biocompatibility and antibacterial ability, but due to their significantly different properties, it is challenging to manufacture Ta-Ag components via thermal processing methods. Herein, by taking advantage of the unique characteristics of cold spray (CS) technology...
Proceedings Papers

ITSC2023, Thermal Spray 2023: Proceedings from the International Thermal Spray Conference, 77-84, May 22–25, 2023,
... Abstract Cold spray (CS) is a solid-state process for depositing metal powder, accelerated by a high-velocity gas such that it bonds to the substrate metal through kinetic impact energy. Although the technology is finding applications in non-load bearing repair and coating applications, work...
Proceedings Papers

ITSC2023, Thermal Spray 2023: Proceedings from the International Thermal Spray Conference, 85-90, May 22–25, 2023,
... Abstract Cold spray additive manufacturing technology (CSAM) is a progressive method of 3D print of metals and alloys. Its inherent work principles allow production of the components below the material melting points, thereby avoiding several undesired material degradation processes. Among...
Proceedings Papers

ITSC2023, Thermal Spray 2023: Proceedings from the International Thermal Spray Conference, 91-97, May 22–25, 2023,
... Abstract In conventional powder processing, there has been considerable work on classifying feedstock powders based on particle size distribution, morphology, microstructure and composition, since these influence processability and final properties. Cold spray is a new application for powders...
Proceedings Papers

ITSC2023, Thermal Spray 2023: Proceedings from the International Thermal Spray Conference, 98-103, May 22–25, 2023,
... and particles during the spray process. The application of such in-situ observation techniques concerns the field of cold spraying and brings new insights into the formation process of cold sprayed coatings. The build-up of coatings operated with different parameters (copper powder, nozzle, etc.) are recorded...
Proceedings Papers

ITSC2023, Thermal Spray 2023: Proceedings from the International Thermal Spray Conference, 112-118, May 22–25, 2023,
... Abstract In this study, microstructural characterization is conducted on WC-17Co coatings produced via High Velocity Oxygen Fuel (HVOF), High Velocity Air Fuel (HVAF), and Cold Spraying (CS). All coatings prepared were observed to be of good quality and with relatively low porosity content. SEM...
Proceedings Papers

ITSC2023, Thermal Spray 2023: Proceedings from the International Thermal Spray Conference, 148-154, May 22–25, 2023,
... with a positive and negative gradient porous structure that boosts the desorption and release of gas bubble are reported, resulting in a greatly advanced mass transference. The electrodes are obtained from a blend of Ni and Al via high-pressure cold spray. The gradient porosity is realized by varying the addition...
Proceedings Papers

ITSC2023, Thermal Spray 2023: Proceedings from the International Thermal Spray Conference, 155-160, May 22–25, 2023,
... Abstract As an emerging additive manufacturing method, cold spray additive manufacturing (CSAM) has attracted more and more researchers’ attention due to its unique advantages. However, only a few researchers have studied the fabrication of complex structural components. Therefore...
Proceedings Papers

ITSC2023, Thermal Spray 2023: Proceedings from the International Thermal Spray Conference, 167-172, May 22–25, 2023,
... Abstract Cold Spraying is an emerging additive manufacturing method that uses a high-speed collision of micrometre sized powders capable of producing a solid-state bonding. Such a principle has led to the recent development of a coating for various surface functionalization and additive...
Proceedings Papers

ITSC2023, Thermal Spray 2023: Proceedings from the International Thermal Spray Conference, 173-178, May 22–25, 2023,
... for machinery and tools preservation, surfaces protection and corrosion prevention. This study demonstrates the possibilities of Cold Gas Spray (CGS) for the cost-reductive production of a component of PEMWEs, the Bipolar Plates (BPPs), by metal 3D printing. In this process, the incorporation of a mask between...
Proceedings Papers

ITSC2023, Thermal Spray 2023: Proceedings from the International Thermal Spray Conference, 186-191, May 22–25, 2023,
... compared to metals. Many methods developed to metallize polymers, including vapor deposition and thermal spray processes, can lead to poor quality control, low deposition rate, and high cost. Thus, cold spray is a promising potential alternative to rapidly and inexpensively produce polymer-metal composites...
Proceedings Papers

ITSC2023, Thermal Spray 2023: Proceedings from the International Thermal Spray Conference, 193-199, May 22–25, 2023,
... Abstract Cold spraying (CS) has proved as an attractive and rapidly developing solid-state material deposition process that allows for fast formation of high quality, large 3D volume objects. Low risks of undesirable heat effects lead to increased interest in CS-based rapidly additive...
Proceedings Papers

ITSC2023, Thermal Spray 2023: Proceedings from the International Thermal Spray Conference, 200-207, May 22–25, 2023,
... Abstract Cold spray (CS) technology has proven an enormous potential in the production of composite coatings, enabling a production of materials with superior qualities such as enhanced tribological behavior. This study aims to investigate the tribological properties of CS Al-based composite...
Proceedings Papers

ITSC2023, Thermal Spray 2023: Proceedings from the International Thermal Spray Conference, 208-213, May 22–25, 2023,
... Abstract Direct cold spray deposition of Cu was not possible on carbon fiber-reinforced polymer composites (CFRPs) with thermosetting polymer as the matrix material due to substrate erosion. In a recent study, an epoxy-CFRP was successfully metallized through a hybrid coating process...
Proceedings Papers

ITSC2023, Thermal Spray 2023: Proceedings from the International Thermal Spray Conference, 214-221, May 22–25, 2023,
... Abstract In high-pressure cold spray, the enthalpy of the particle carrier gas has a significant effect on the propellant gas conditions and ultimately on particle impact velocities and temperatures. Through modelling and experimentation, the current work demonstrates that in low-pressure cold...
Proceedings Papers

ITSC2023, Thermal Spray 2023: Proceedings from the International Thermal Spray Conference, 222-228, May 22–25, 2023,
... Abstract Metallization of polymers and fiber-reinforced polymer composites is gaining attention due to the widespread application of these components in various industries, such as wind energy, aerospace, and automotive industries. Cold spray is a promising new technique to achieve...
Proceedings Papers

ITSC2023, Thermal Spray 2023: Proceedings from the International Thermal Spray Conference, 229-234, May 22–25, 2023,
... Abstract The clogging, a frequent gas passage deformation phenomenon because of powder accumulation on inner nozzle wall, is a major issue in long duration Cold Spray (CS) operations and a major challenge for Cold spray technology to be adopted for additive manufacturing. This study aims...