Abstract Laser beam forming is a process in which metal is deposited directly, which combines the processes of high-performance laser alloying and the advanced method of rapid prototyping in order to be able to manufacture complex three-dimensional components directly. In this article, this technique is used to process Ni-based superalloys. Simple component geometries are used in order to be able to compare them with conventional alloys. The 718 superalloy is used. The characterization of the alloys produced included a complete microstructure analysis. Paper includes a German-language abstract.