Twin wire arc is a commonly used thermal spray technology for application of steel coatings to cast iron components. Hardness and adhesion strength are critical properties of such coatings, and significant research is available reporting these properties. However, residual stresses and the anisotropic structure of the coatings leads to significantly different behavior in bending applications than in the purely tensile loading of the standard adhesion test. In addition, microstructural features that are controlled by certain process parameters during deposition of the coating can have a significant effect on these properties. This work seeks to relate the hardness and pull-off adhesion strength to the coating microstructure, and to assess the related bending strength and failure mode. Comparisons between bend tests and pull-off adhesion tests show significant differences to consider when evaluating twin wire arc coatings.

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