Abstract

Stabilized bismuth oxide with fluorite structure is considered a promising electrolyte material for intermediate temperature solid-oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) due to its high oxygen ion conductivity. The ternary system, Bi2O3-Er2O3-WO3, is of particular interest because it is ionically conductive as well as thermally stable. This study investigates the quality of Bi2O3-Er2O3-WO3 (EWSB) electrolyte produced by plasma spraying. The phase structure and cross-sectional microstructure of plasma-sprayed EWSB were characterized by XRD and SEM. The as-sprayed EWSB was found to have a dense microstructure with well bonded lamellae. XRD analysis showed the formation of EWSB with δ-phase and a trace of β-phase, while the β-phase disappeared after annealing at 750°C for 10h. Electrical property tests revealed that the plasma-sprayed electrolyte also had excellent ionic conductivity (0.26 S cm-1 at 750 °C), making it a strong candidate for use in SOFCs at intermediate temperatures.

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