Abstract

Additive manufacturing processes have been used to produce or repair components in different industry sectors like aerospace; automotive; and biomedical. In these processes; a part can be built by either melted particles as in selective laser melting (SLM) or solid-state particles as in the cold spray process. The cold spray has gained significant attention due to its potential for high deposition rate and nearly zero oxidation. However; the main concern associated with using the cold spray is the level of porosity in as-fabricated samples; altering their mechanical properties. These pores are primarily found in the regions where adiabatic shear instability does not occur. It is worth noting that the deformation of the impacted solid particle plays a vital role in reaching the shear instability. Therefore; for investigating the adiabatic shear instability region; an elastic-plastic simulation approach has been used. For this purpose; it is assumed that an elevated temperature solid Ti6Al4V particle impacts on a stainless-steel substrate surface at high velocity. The results show that increasing particle temperature will significantly enhance particle deformation because of thermal softening. Additionally; they illustrate that a material jet responsible for producing a bonding between particle and substrate by ejecting the broken oxide layer will be formed when the particle has a temperature above 1073 K and substrate remains at room temperature. In the end; it should be noted that increasing particle temperature up to 723 K will not have a significant effect on substrate deformation and final substrate temperature.

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