In the present study, spherical Ti-6Al-4V powders were cold sprayed on titanium, aluminum, and magnesium alloy substrates to investigate influences over a wide range of damping conditions and respective deceleration of impacting particles. Single impacts were produced via wipe tests and bonding was evaluated by cavitation testing followed by SEM examination of impact and fracture morphologies. The results show that better bonding is achieved for material combinations with similar properties due to high adiabatic shear instabilities that result in microfusion at the particle-substrate interface. In the case of dissimilar materials, the conditions for bonding can be reached in an intermediate stage, but bonded areas may later separate due to particle movement around the interface.

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