New developments in the field of thermal spraying systems (increased particle velocities, enhanced process stability) are leading to improved coating properties. At the same time innovations in the field of feedstock materials are supporting this trend. The combination of modern thermal spraying systems and new material concepts has led to a renaissance of Fe-based feedstocks. Using modern APS or HVOF systems, it is now possible to compete with classical materials for wear and corrosion applications like Ni basis (e.g. NiCrBSi) or metal matrix composites (MMC, e.g. WC/Co or Cr3C2/NiCr). The work described in this paper focuses on that combination and intends to give an analysis of the in-flight particle and spray jet properties achievable with two different modern thermal spraying systems (kerosene driven HVOF system K2, 3- cathodes APS system TriplexPro-200/-210) using Fe-based powders. The velocity fields are measured with the Laser Doppler Anemometry (LDA). Additionally, resulting coatings are analyzed metallographically with regard to their properties and a correlation with the particle in-flight properties is given. The experimental work is accompanied by computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulations of spray jet and particle velocities, leading to a comprehensive analysis and characterization of the achievable particle properties with state-of-the-art HVOF and APS systems.