High-velocity suspension flame spraying (HVSFS) is used for direct processing of submicron and nano-scaled particles to achieve dense surface layers in supersonic mode with a refined structure, from which superior properties are expected. The application of solutions as a carrier fluid for nano-particles in thermal spray systems is a new approach that requires some thermo-physical and chemical optimization. Three dimensional modeling and analysis of the combustion and gas dynamic phenomena of the three-phase HVSFS process is performed in this study for an industrial TopGun-G torch, based on a numerical model for a conventional HVOF process. Parameter analysis of the solution mixture (proportion between aqueous and organic solvent) in a suspension is performed as well as analysis of the variation of the combustion chamber depending on the torch design, leading to more homogeneous flow properties for an improved HVSFS torch.

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