Wire flame sprayed molybdenum is a wide used procedure for manufacturing of wear resistance coatings. The properties of thermal sprayed coatings depend mainly on the kinetic and thermal energy of sprayed particles, i.e., a higher particle velocity causes an increase of coating quality. The now available high velocity spray system from Praxair which is used within this work is capable to realise the aim of high particle velocities. The coating properties presented in this work are analysed in comparison to conventional wire and powder plasma spray processes. HVWFS molybdenum coatings show lower porosity, higher adhesion and cohesion and better wear properties. To explain the results, particle size distribution, oxygen/carbon content and structure are analysed. Hardening mechanisms of coatings and their adhesion/cohesion properties are discussed based on light microscopy, SEM, XRD and TEM investigations.