Abstract

Recently it has been suggested that the carrier gas jet interaction with the plasma can have a large effect on the resulting particle temperature. The postulated interaction is through deflection of the main plasma jet and by delaying the heating of particles by the formation of a "cold" gas bubble. We have examined the effect of the gas jet itself on the temperature of the particles by attempting to artificially form a cold gas bubble using a separate, closely oriented gas jet. The effect of the "twin" co-flowing jet was evaluated by measuring its effect on the mean and standard deviation of the particle injection velocity and the resulting spray pattern and particle temperature. Additionally we have used alternative carrier gases with similar density but with specific heats that are higher than argon by a factor of two. A measurable but minor effect on particle temperature is observed.

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