This paper compares two types of hydroxyapatite (HA) composite coatings, HA/Ti-6Al-4V and HA/Y-ZrO2. The powders used in the study were prepared using a slurry process then deposited by plasma spraying. The resulting coatings were characterized based on their microstructure, mechanical properties, and biocompatibility. Both composite coatings performed better than pure HA coatings in tensile adhesion and indentation tests. Testing also revealed that the HA/Y-ZrO2 coatings had favorable strength and fracture toughness and that the HA/Ti-6Al-4V coatings had good affinity to living tissue and sufficient mechanical strength.