Abstract

High Velocity Oxygen Fuel (HVOF) spraying established itself as an effective method in addition to the conventional thermal spray processes within a very short period. Self fluxing nickel alloys, cermets (e.g. WC-Co / Cr3C2-NiCr) as well as oxide ceramic coatings have proved themselves suitable for wear protection applications. Weight reduction, the care of resources and the increase of efficiency for structural components leads to the substitution of customary hard particles. Titanium carbide (TiC) characterizes itself on account of the material features such as the high hardness, the high melting point, the high strength and the low density for the substitution of conventional carbides. The Self Propagating High Temperature Synthesis (SHS) is a suitable process for the production of composite powders. The powders produced by SHS show a high carbide content, which is finely distributed with an almost stoichiometric composition of the TiC inside the powder particles. The carbides are protected against dissociation and oxidation during the thermal spray process by a complete velum of matrix alloy. The current investigations deal with the wear resistance of TiC-composite coatings produced by HVOF compared to conventional wear resistant coatings. The investigations contain the analysis of the microstructure by optical and scanning electron microscope (SEM) and the measurement of the microhardness of the deposited coatings. Special attention is drawn to the interface between the hard particles and the matrix alloy. The optimized coatings are tested with different wear tests, such as Taber-Abraser test, sliding and oscillating wear test and are compared with common wear resistant coatings in order to underline the high potential for different wear applications. Moreover an additional corrosion test (salt fog test) is carried out with regard to the corrosion resistance of the different matrix alloys.

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