Abstract

In this paper, we describe a new sensor for monitoring inflight particles in thermal spray processes. The sensor can measure simultaneously and in real-time, the mean velocity and mean temperature of the particle jet for a very broad range of powder feed rates. The thermal radiation emitted by the hot particles is collected by a lens and focused on two optical fibers. Knowing the distance between the optical fibers and the magnification of the optics, the mean particle velocity is computed by measuring the time delay between the signals collected in the two fibers by cross-correlation. The signals are band-pass filtered to prevent spurious reflection, equipment movement and noise from disturbing the measurement. Using the same signals filtered at two specific wavelengths, the mean temperature of the particle jet is obtained by the two-color pyrometry technique. In this technique, the temperature is computed from the ratio of the light intensity detected at two different wavelengths.

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