Abstract

Thick thermal spray coatings are used to repair worn parts during aircraft overhaul. The thermal spray coating is used to restore a part to its original dimensions. Characteristics of the as-applied coating that affect the performance of thermal sprayed parts are the residual stress in the coating, the tensile bond strength, the amount of porosity, oxides and impurities near the coating/substrate interface, and the hardness of the coating. An understanding of the relation of these coating characteristics to process variables such as the material used for the coating, spray process, spray angle, and thickness of the applied material is needed. In this paper, four thermal spray coatings, Ni5Al, Ni5Al-atomized, (NiCr)6Al, and Inco 718, on a substrate of Hastelloy X are investigated. These materials are applied using two different thermal spray application processes: plasma spray and High Velocity Oxy-Fuel (HVOF). Spray angles of 90° and 45° are used during spraying. The nominal thickness of the applied coatings ranges from 0.4 mm to 1.8 mm. The thermal spray coatings are evaluated in four types of tests. Residual stresses in the coatings and substrate are evaluated using the modified layer removal method. A tensile bond strength test is performed. Metallographic examination is used to determine the porosity and content of oxides and bond zone impurities (percent) of the applied materials. In addition, the hardness of the coating is measured. For the materials and conditions investigated, it is found that residual stress varies with each of the four process parameters. The bond strength for plasma sprayed coatings is related to the type of material and possibly to the coating thickness. The percent porosity varies with coating material, but, for Ni5Al, it does not depend on application process. Oxide content, as a percentage, varies with material and process, but not with spray angle and thickness. The percentage of impurities near the coating/substrate interface varies with process and, for the specimens that were coated using the HVOF process, with thickness. The hardness of the coating was found to vary with material and spray process. For three of the four coatings, hardness increases with thickness but, for Inco 718, hardness decreases as thickness increases.

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