The quasi-steady magneto-plasma-dynamic (MPD) arcjet generator is a promising plasma accelerator, which has a coaxial electrode structure similar to those of conventional plasma torches. The MPD arcjet generator utilizes principally electromagnetic acceleration of the interaction between the discharge current of kiloamperes and the azimuthal magnetic field induced by the discharge current, although the working gas is accelerated aerodynamically through a nozzle in a thermal arcjet generator. In this paper, ablation-type MPD arcjet generators are developed for ceramic coatings. Discharge voltages and ablation rates of ceramic materials are examined, and front velocities of ablated atoms of ceramic component are also estimated using a streak camera. The Vickers hardness of coating is measured. Their cross sections are observed with a scanning electron microscope, and their surfaces are analyzed by means of x-ray diffraction and x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. Paper includes a German-language abstract.